Black Titanium Black Diamond Ring
The Iron Cross (German: Eisernes Kreuz) is a military decoration of the Kingdom of Prussia and later Germany, awarded for acts of bravery or for meritorious conduct of troops. The Iron Cross was not awarded since May 1945 and is awarded only in wartime. It is normally a military decoration - although there were cases where it was awarded to civilians for performing military duties. As an example, Adolf Hitler awarded the Iron Cross I class as a test pilot Hanna Reitsch and a woman (nurse). [Citarequerida]. The Iron Cross was originally the black cross, which in turn was the symbol of the Teutonic Knights and the design (but not the specific decoration) has been the symbol of the armed forces of Germany (now the Bundeswehr) from 1870. The original version was designed by German architect Friedrich Schinkel, who was commissioned by King Frederick William III of Prussia. It was originally conceived all black, but he added a silver edge to stand out better in uniform. It was created on March 10, 1813 and first awarded on April 13, 1813 soldiers who fought against Napoleon's troops in the War of Liberation. [Citarequerida]. The Iron Cross is awarded only in wartime. In addition to being distributed during the Napoleonic wars, was granted during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, the first and second world war. For the latter, there is widespread belief that it is a medal Nazi Germany. Marshals leading the German army, as Helmuth von Moltke and Paul von Hindenburg, Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron) and Hermann Göring, were decorated with it. Note that Adolf Hitler was in the First World War the second and first class, always wearing his uniform in the latter. There are designs on the West Point Museum for a Star of Knight Grand Cross, but this level was never formalized in the Third Reich. However, this award is to say that if there was in the German Empire. The only two carriers were Generalfeldmarschall von Blücher, and von Hindenburg. The flying ace Hans-Ulrich Rudel was the only awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves in gold, and bright swords. Those soldiers who received the Iron Cross, second or first class during the Great War and they were deserving of the honors again, receiving a pin (Spange) for each of the two classes, being the second class carried a lit tape on the second button from the warrior class and above the Iron Cross first class received in the First World War. The soldiers who were awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuzträger) enjoyed great social prestige and military, to the point of being intensely used in propaganda work and star were massively distributed postcards. They meet periodically to this day. - Napoleonic Wars: black background, silver edge on the top crown with the letters FW and three oak leaves in the center at the base the date 1813 in relief. Balkenkreuz bar or cross, the emblem of the Wehrmacht, first used in a more closely in the Luftstreitkräfte aircraft through mid-1918, then appeared in the German aircraft, tanks and other vehicles during the Second World War. Adolf Hitler restored the Iron Cross in 1939 as a German decoration (rather than Prussian as in earlier versions), continuing the tradition of giving to various degrees. The Iron Cross of the Second World War was divided into three main series of decorations, with an intermediate category: Knight's Cross, Iron Cross, and the highest, the Grand Cross. Knight's Cross replaced the Prussian Pour le Mérite. Hitler did not keep the Pour le Merit, it was a Prussian order could be granted only to officers. The ribbon of the medal (2nd class and Knight's Cross) was different from previous ones in that, besides the traditional black and white, was added to the red (white and black were the colors of Prussia, while the black, white and red were the colors of the German Empire). Hitler also created the War Merit Cross to replace non-combatant version of the Iron Cross. Black background, border silver swastika in the center and dated 1939 in the base. In the case of the Iron Cross 2 nd, the Knight's Cross and Grand Cross, the reverse also included 1813. As the use of the swastika is banned in Germany since 1945 in 1954 to recognize the RFA pensions and decorations from the veterans, according to reintroduce the same scheme, but removing and replacing the swastika two oak leaves and the version of 1813. Both the Iron Cross 1st class as 2nd class were built in three pieces, with the iron core. At the beginning of the war made iron crosses with non-ferrous core, but the government banned this practice. Two decorated with the Iron Cross were women, one of them Hanna Reitsch, aircraft test pilot. Iron Crosses were awarded to two Jewish officers Finnish army and a female member of Lotta Svärd, but not accepted. .